Stoic and ever-smiling, the sixty-one-year-old is recovering from a bout of sickness.
With hypertension leaving him unable to work for lengthy within the solar, he has been decreased to sweeping the streets of Talisay Metropolis within the island of Negros within the Philippines each morning between four:00-6:00am.
Talisay (formally referred to as "Talisay Negros Occidental") is a part of the broader "Metro Bacolod" metropolitan space.
Once I first met Efren again in November final yr, he was operating a sari-sari (i.e. comfort) stall (now shuttered) from the entrance of his house, replenishing his provides on the native wholesale market each few days.
Purposeful and content material, he chatted fortunately about his years as guide labourer as he guided us via the nation lanes round Bacolod.
The island of Negros is sugar nation. The panorama is a monotonous sea of sugar cane so far as the attention can see and at harvest-time, big, overloaded vans ply the island's roads, carrying the freshly reduce crop to the mills.
Land reform – or no less than its failure – has been the hallmark of life in rural Negros as native haciendas with their huge landholdings proceed to dominate the countryside.
Prior to now, these expansive farms have been staffed by lots of if not hundreds of agricultural labourers – some everlasting, the bulk merely transient and often known as “sacadas”. Nevertheless, the glory days have lengthy since handed.
Native sugar cane cannot compete towards imported corn-syrup and the business has been shedding staff, most of whom have little prospects of discovering different employment.
My Workforce Ceritalah colleagues have been visiting and catching up with Efren and his household since September final yr – simply two months after President Rodrigo Duterte assumed workplace in June 2016.
Efren, his spouse Evelyn and their 4 youngsters are basic Duterte voters—poor, landless however hard-working. Certainly, Efren stays an enthusiastic supporter of the “Struggle on Medicine.”
He first began work on the age of fourteen and for six years he weeded the fields diligently with a easy hand-held implement, certainly one of which he retains in his house as a token of his years as labourer.
His father and grandfather labored on the identical hacienda which is 30 minutes from the town.
The household has lived rent-free on similar piece of land for 4 generations: a part of the online of relationships that has sure staff and managers on this quasi-feudal nook of the Philippines.
Nonetheless, his youngsters have made one thing of themselves. Eldest daughter Emy is married to Neil, a sugarcane processing plant engineer they usually have a daughter of their very own.
Ramiel sells home-cooked meals at an area eatery whereas Efren Junior research Pc Science on the Technological College of the Philippines. The youngest son, Janry is presently a highschool scholar.
However now, Efren is being pressured to go away the smallholding his household has referred to as residence.
The hacienda house owners have provided him an alternate: about seven to eight kilometres away from city.
It is a desolate spot with out electrical energy or operating water and Efren – regardless of the relative success of his youngsters– does not have the cash to construct a brand new dwelling.
Efren's spouse, Evelyn – a college graduate—is much less accepting.
Once we first met the household, she was nonetheless in Talisay. However now, six months on and confronted with the necessity to make more cash due to Efren's sickness, Evelyn has moved to Manila the place she works as a maid.
She rails on the household's state of affairs – much more so since Efren has now been lowered to sweeping the street to outlive: "We do not have the cash to shift to a brand new place. I assume I can solely watch as they demolish the house we constructed. There are not any jobs in Bacolod. We should transfer to Manila."
When requested how President Duterte's insurance policies have improved life within the provinces, she is dismissive: "There isn't a improvement in Bacolod! There isn't any distinction. Duterte's insurance policies have not improved my life or the lives of anybody else in my barangay. He should not simply be specializing in medicine. He must look into poverty."
Duterte got here into energy on the again of enhancing the lives of households just like the Cornessas. His current Philippine Improvement Plan 2017-2022 goals to scale back rural poverty to 20% by 2022 from 30% in 2015.
There was speak of prioritising infrastructure tasks outdoors of Metro Manila. Duterte final month additionally promised to have one other stab at land reform, promising farmers not simply plots but in addition seedlings and fertiliser.
Some PHP2 billion has been put aside from the nationwide finances without spending a dime irrigation.
But when the Cornessas plight is something to go by, issues are usually not shifting quick sufficient.
Duterte—as famous—got here to energy on the again of the votes of individuals like them.
9 months in and for even his most hardened supporters, a lot of the enhancements he promised have but to materialize. Having raised expectations, it is a race towards time to ship change.